(a) Gross Profit Ratio: Gross profit ratio as a percentage of revenue from operations is computed to have an idea about gross margin. CBSE Notes for Class 12 Accountancy PART I Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation Accounting for Partnership: Basic Concepts Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm — Admission of a Partner Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm — Retirement/Death of a Partner Dissolution of Partnership Firm PART II Accounting for Share Capital Issue and Redemption of Debentures Financial Statements of […] Current Liabilities = Rs. Useful tool for analysis of financial statements. Ratio It is an arithmetical expression of relationship between two related or interdependent items. 60,000 × 100/(100 − 40) Significance: It measures the safety margin available to the providers of long term loans. This ratio can also be calculated on the basis of the Cost of Revenue from Operations i.e., Cost of Goods Sold. Average Trade Receivable =$\frac{(Opening\,Trade\,{\mathop{\rm%20Re}\nolimits}%20ceivable%20+%20Clo\sin%20g\,Trade\,{\mathop{\rm%20Re}\nolimits}%20ceivables)}{2\,}$ Introduction. 1. Free PDF download of Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 13 - Accounting Ratios Quick Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Accountancy teachers from … 80,000 − (Rs. The Basics Of Accounting Ratios And Formulas by businessnewsdaily.com. It shows the relationship between Net profit before interest, Tax and Divided and Capital Employed of the business. CBSE Quick Revision Notes and Chapter Summary Class-12 Accountancy Part - B - Accounting Ratios. }, To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S. This Ratio indicates the percentage of Net profits before interest, tax and dividend in relation to Capital Employed of the business. Hi friends, On this page, I am sharing the class 12th notes and eBook on the topic - Accounting Ratios of the subject - Accounts subject. Important Points Proprietary Ratio Total Assets to Debt Ratio : It shows the relationship between Total Assets and Debts. Generally a lower Ratio indicates better cost management and profitability. It is better indicator of liquidity as some current assets are not easily convertible into cash. Ratios help with the planning and forecasting of the firm’s business activities for periods as ratios tend to have predictor values. = Rs. 2,00,000. 4. Receivable are taken before deducting any Provision for Doubtful Debts. CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Revision Notes Chapter 4 Accounting Ratios 1. Net Profit Ratio 3. OR Answer. Cash Revenue from operations = 20% of Rs. Generally higher ratio is considered better but very high ratio shows over trading and low ratio means stock is piled up or over investment in stock. 16,000 Average Trade Payables = Creditors in the beginning + Bills payables in the beginning + Creditors at the end + Bills payables at the end / 2 3,00,000 = 4 times, From the following information, calculate –. 1,20,000 2. This ratio indicates whether investment in stock is within proper limit or not. OR 2. Interest Coverage Ratio = $\frac{Net\,\Pr%20ofitbefore\,Interest\,\&%20\,Tax}{Fixed\,Interest\,Ch\arg%20es}$ Total Assets = Fixed Assets (Tangible and Intangible) + Non Current Investment (Excluding Non trading Investment) +long Term Loans and Advances + Current Assets Tools of Financial Statement Analysis 12. Question 1. 90,000 = Rs. The language of the session will be in Hindi and notes will be provided in English. (b) Operating Ratio: It is computed to analyse cost of operation in relation to revenue from operations. MathJax = { Chapter 4 Accounting Ratios T S Grewal Solutions For Class by topperlearning.com. = Rs. } 2. = Rs. Problem 1: The following is the Balance Sheet of a company as on 31st March: Problem 2: From the following particulars found in the Trading, Profit and Loss Account of A Company Ltd., work out the operation ratio of the business concern: Ratio It is an arithmetical expression of relationship between two related or interdependent items. 90,000 Higher turnover ratio means better utilisation of assets and signifies improved efficiency and profitability, and as such is known as efficiency ratios. This ratio indicated the number of times the working capital has been turned over in relation to revenue form operations over a year. 3,00,000 }; Your email address will not be published. 20,000 = 3 Times. (e) Return on Capital Employed or Investment: Capital employed means the long-term funds employed in the business and includes shareholders’ funds, debentures and long-term loans. 20,000 5,000) = Rs. If details regarding opening and closing values of trade receivable are not given then closing trade receivables are used for calculation of this ratio. Capital Employed = Non Current Assets + Working Capital 208k watch mins. Objective & Significance-Objective is to ascertain the amount of profit available to cover the interest charge. receivables turnover ratio credit sales for a year divided by the average balance in accounts receivable during the same year. Accounting Ratios It is a mathematical expression that shows the relationship between various items or groups of items shown in financial statements. It is made with the latest syllabus in mind and contains all the tips and tricks with which you can learn Accountancy better and score well. Free PDF Download of CBSE Accountancy Multiple Choice Questions for Class 12 with Answers Chapter 14 Accounting Ratios. Solved Cash Flow Statements with Balance Sheet (vertical) and Notes to Accounts - Cbse Class 12 Accountancy Project ... Accounting project - Financial Ratio Analysis Haziq1511. 1. 2. Solvency Ratio : Solvency ratios convey an enterprise’s ability to meet its long term obligations as and when they becomes due. Account. For evaluating the progress and future prospects of an organization, both quantitative and qualitative aspects are to … OR NCERT Book Class 12 Accountancy – II Chapter 5 Accounting Ratios Important Points Liquidity Ratio = Rs.  Net purchases = 46,000 Even the teachers refer to textbooks while preparing the final question paper of Class 12 Accountancy. Net Profit before tax = Net profit after tax × 100/ (100 − Tax rate) DK Goel Solutions for Class 12 helps the students to study and comprehend the accounting fundamentals which helps them to answer the complex questions in an easy way. As the students would have learnt the basic fundamentals about the subject of accountancy in Class 11, this curriculum for Class 12 is a continual part of it; it explains the concepts in a great way. Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Change in Profit sharing ratio of Partners Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners - sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio, accounting for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves and accumulated profits. 60,000; 15% Long-term debt 10,00,000; and Tax rate 40%. Topic 1: Introduction 1. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. 3 Cash ... 9 Financial Statement Analysis. Interest Coverage Ratio 1. Introduction. If details regarding cash and credit purchases are not given then all the purchases are taken on credit basis. Explain the meaning of financial statement. This PDF file for class 12 Accounts subject's Accounting Ratios topic contains brief and concise notes for … Equity/Proprietors’ Funds = Fixed Assets (Tangible and intangible) + Non Current investments (Excluding Non Trading investment) + Long Terms Loans and Advances + Current Assets – Current Liabilities – Long – term borrowings – Long term provisions. Shareholders’ funds Rs. 4,000 − Rs. Profitability Ratio: Debts = Long-term borrowing + Long-term provisions (d) Net Profit Ratio: It relates revenue from operations to net profit after operational as well as non-operational expenses and incomes. These ratios measure the efficiency of asset management and measure the effectiveness with which an enterprise uses resources at its disposal. Concepts covered in Class 12 Accountancy - Analysis of Financial Statements chapter 3 Accounting Ratios are Concept of Accounting Ratios, Objectives of Ratio Analysis, Advantages of Ratio Analysis, Limitations of Ratio Analysis, Types of Ratios.  Wages = 14,000 Capital Employed = Total Assets – Current Liabilities. Financial Statements are used for analysis, comparison and interpretation purpose. Highlight all Match case. Debt Equity Ratio: It show relationship between Debts (Long term Liabilities or Non Current Liabilities) and Equity (Shareholders’ Funds). It is computed as follows: Gross Profit Ratio = Gross Profit / Net Revenue of Operations × 100. After a thorough research by the experts, by researching previous papers, chapter-wise weightage has been allocated. Operating Ratio 2,40,000 / Rs. Meaning: The quantitative relation between two amounts showing the number of times one value contains or is contained within the other. Financial Statements are used for analysis, comparison and interpretation purpose. Total Assets = Fixed Assets (Tangible and Intangible) + Non Current Investment (Excluding Non Trading Investment) + Long Term Loans and Advances + Current Assets 1. Accounting Ratios … 22,000 = Rs. Login. Calculate the Trade payables turnover ratio from the following figures: Credit purchases during 2014-15 = 12,00,000 The comparison is called 'inter-firm comparison'. MCQ Questions for Class 12 Accountancy with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. We have provided Accounting Ratios Class 12 Accountancy MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions.. For a better understanding of this … These ratios are used to assess the profitability or earning capacity of the business. Changes in inventory = Opening Inventory – Closing Inventory Ratio is an arithmetical expression of relationship between two interdependent or related items. 80,000 Interest/Stock turnover Ratio = $\frac{{\mathop{\rm%20Cos}\nolimits}%20t\,of\,Goods\,sold\,{\mathop{\rm%20Cos}\nolimits}%20t\,of\,{\mathop{\rm%20Re}\nolimits}%20venue\,From\,Operations}{Average\,Inventory}$ Return on Investment (or Capital Employed) = Profit before Interest and Tax / Capital Employed × 100.  Trade receivables as at 31.3.2015 1,20,000. 5. Financial statement analysis Class 12 Notes Accountancy in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The ratios can be used to evaluate the financial condition of a company, including the company’s strengths and weaknesses. 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Gross Profit = Revenue from Operations − Cost of Revenue from Operation 16,000 Here is a compilation of top thirteen accounting problems on ratio analysis with its relevant solutions. This ratio is a relationship between the Cost of goods sold i.e, Cost of Revenue form Operations during a particular period of time and the Cost of average inventory during a particular period. 2. 1,50,000 = Rs. 4. A high liquidity ratio indicates that the cash position of the company is good. 5.1 Meaning of Accounting Ratios As stated earlier , accounting ratios ar e an important tool of financial statements analysis. All the solutions of Accounting Ratios - Accountancy explained in detail by … Operating Cost = Cost of Material Consumed +Net Purchases of Stock in Trade + Changes in Inventories of Finished Goods, Work in Progress and Stock-in-Trade + Direct Expenses = Employees Benefit Expenses + Other Expenses such as Office Administration Expenses + Selling and Distribution Expenses + Depreciation + Bad debts + Discount on Debtors + Interest on short term loans. 3. 1 Ratio Analysis. 12 Accounting for Labour. 1,50,000 Calculate ‘Liquidity Ratio’ from the following information: Current liabilities = Rs. Accounting Ratios 203 the financial statements, it is termed as accounting ratio. Your email address will not be published. It shows the relationship between Net Credit Sales i.e., Net Credit Revenues from Operations and Average Debtors/Average Trade Receivables (Debtors + Bills Receivables). This ratio indicates the percentage of Operating costs to Revenue form Operations Profit refers to the Profit before Interest and Tax (PBIT) for computation of this ratio. CBSE issues sample papers every year for students for class 12 board exams. = Rs. 10,000 1. 1. Equity = Share Capital + General Reserve + Surplus = 1,00,000 + 45,000 + 30,000 = 1,75,000, (b) Total Assets to Debt Ratio This ratio measures the extent of the coverage of long-term debts by assets, Total assets to Debt Ratio = Total assets/Long-term debts. 80,000 Accountancy MCQs for Class 12 Chapter Wise with Answers PDF Download was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. The entire NCERT textbook questions have been solved by best teachers for you. Accounting Ratios L-4 | Solvency Ratios ( Part-2) | Class 12 Accounts PDF Notes | Vedantu. Accounting ratios are widely used for such comparisons. Interest on Long-term Debt = 15% of Rs. Inventory Turnover Ratio : It is also called as Stock turnover ratio. These ratios are very important for stockholders and creditors as these ratios assess the ability of the firm to meet its long term liabilities. Net Working Capital = Current Assets excluding Fictitious assets – Current liabilities. Solvency Ratios Solvency ratios judge the long-term financial position of an enterprise i.e. All Profitability ratios are shown in percentage form. The entire CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus is basically divided into three parts. Debtors Turnover Ratio/Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio: Accounting Ratios - CBSE Notes for Class-12 Accountancy. Chapter 5: Accounting Ratios; Chapter 6: Cash Flow Statement; CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus. Liquidity Assets = Current assets − (Inventories + Prepaid expenses + Advance tax) Retrun on Investment (ROI) = $\frac{Grass\,\Pr%20ofit}{Net\,Sales\,/\,Net\,{\mathop{\Re}\nolimits}%20venue\,From\,Operations}%20\times%20100%20=%20-%20-%20\%%20\,$ Significance: It assesses the long term soundness of financial position of a business. 2,40,000 Current Liabilities/ Liquid Assets. 4. Chapter-wise NCERT Accountancy Book Part 1 for Class 12 in English  Current assets = Rs. Next.   Average Trade Payable = (Opening Creditors and Bills Payable + Closing Creditors and Bills Payable)/2 3,40,000 − Rs. Such comparison is almost impossible without proper accounting ratios. 16,000 = Rs. 2,000 + Rs. 18,00,000 Operating Profit = Gross Profit – Operating Expenses  Revenue from operations = 80,000 Total Assets to debt ratio = Total Assets / Long term Debts A ratio is a mathematical number calculated as a reference to relationship of two or more numbers and can be expressed as a fraction, proportion, percentage and a number of times. (c) Proprietary Ratio: Proprietary ratio expresses relationship of proprietor’s (shareholders) funds to net assets and is calculated as follows: Proprietary Ratio = Shareholders, Funds / Capital employed (or net assets), Significance: Higher proportion of shareholders’ funds in financing the assets is a positive feature as it provides security to creditors. = 3.5x = 3.5 × Rs times the trade receivables + closing trade receivables are in. Be said that the Gross Profit ratio: Solvency Ratios judge the long-term financial position of a business of! 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